Programme - Oral Sessions

Appropriate Technology
The idea of appropriate technology stems from that technology does not always need to be high-end, massive and lucrative. Marginalized communities in developing countries have needs that can be met with technical solutions, but often they are excluded from the benefits of technology development. The appropriate technology aims at broadening the options for technology, emphasizing on solutions which are low-cost, energy-efficient, small-scale, affordable and manageable by the beneficiaries, and empowering the autonomy of the local communities and users. We organize three sessions around this theme: * "Appropriate technology with open-source platforms & Smart Agriculture". This session presents the use of IT open-source platforms in developing countries, especially in education and smart agriculture. * "Earth Architecture Design Challenge: Affordable Housing Prototypes for Sub-Saharan Africa." This session reports the status of housing in sub-Saharan African and introduces a project building affordable housing prototypes. * "Moving toward sustainability : Innovating wastewater treatment for bioenergy and value added products." This session presents how to use wastewater for bio-energy and considers the theoretical and practical sides.
[AT1] Appropriate technology with open-source platforms & Smart Agriculture
Date / Time 2018-08-22 11:00   --   12:40
Room R4
Conveners / Chairs
  • DR. EUNJUNG, Kim (Researcher, CNRS, Paris-Dauphine University) CHAIR
Synopsis
Information technology is now central to our daily life. It connects us, renders high-quality information easily accessible. Information technology is a part of a larger trend. In recent years, open-source technological platforms are rapidly becoming a new norm. Technology is available for ordinary people to learn, implement and create gadgets, which would’ve been considered possible only for professionally trained engineers a decade ago. Nowadays, anyone can follow university courses taught by the top-tier researchers anywhere in the world. Someone with no engineering background can easily learn to make an electronic device. However, there are many communities that are neglected in this revolution. In developing countries and isolated communities, even connecting the internet is a luxury. Many marginalized communities also suffer from 1) lack of educational resources and 2) limited connection (both geographical and cultural) with the wider part of the world. 1) and 2) typically feed each other. A good news is that introducing a change in one of the two aspects can shift the feedback loop into a positive one. That is, better educational resources can better connect marginalized communities with the bigger world, and the latter will provide a better chance for the communities to empower themselves. In this regard, there are many efforts recently to help marginalized communities with software and hardware technology. The burst of open-source platforms in recent years accelerated such endeavor. Cheap, autonomous, requiring only a small or no amount of external power supply, and accessible for laypersons with little engineering background, open-source platforms are now used to establish local wifi hub, make wiki repositories accessible, or even provide cloud server services. The smart agriculture can be considered as an extensive smart work application, where IT, Robotics, Sensor technologies are jointly applied to the biology and agricultural technologies. The smart agriculture, in large sense should not only incorporate the “culture” of corps or domestic animals, but also their distribution and consumption area. With the help of such multidisciplinary joint cooperation, the smart agriculture is expect to bring an efficiency of consumed energy per harvest unit and an increased independency and sustainability of the agriculture population. In this session, we want to present recent progress in open-source platforms for hardware and software and their use to introduce changes in marginalized communities. We also look at the current trend of the smart agriculture and its implication in the rural communities including those within the developing countries.
Speakers
[AT2] Moving toward sustainability : Innovating wastewater treatment for bioenergy and value added products.  
Date / Time 2018-08-22 13:30   --   15:10
Room R4
Conveners / Chairs
  • DR. JIN MI, Park (Associate professor, SDU Biotechnology) CHAIR
Synopsis
A transit of a traditional sewage treatment to comprehensive biorefinery complexes is ongoing, linking biogas from carbon sources, bio-fertiliser production after biogas, aquatic plant/algae cultivation as alternative N,P removal, and production of animal feed, bioenergy from aquatic plants/algae, etc. Likewise, in wastewater treatment from municipalities, industry and livestock the recent challenges lie in the interdisciplinary aims.In the overall treatment and bio-refining stream of wastewater, a holistic understanding of upstream and downstream is often missing, and this furthermore presents a hindrance to an innovative value chain system. A new biorefinery approach with alternative treatments may extend treatment options. Moreover, knowledge of advanced wastewater treatment technologies has a potential to apply pretreatment of biomass biogas production and biogas cleaning/upgrading, etc. Talks in this section will be valuable to provide an environmental solution for developing countries where environmental problems, e.g., water and GHG emissions, generated by untreated wastewater, are common. Therefore this section will assemble all the fragmented stakeholders i.e., from the area of wastewater treatment, biogas and greenhouse gas emissions. The session is expected to be a platform for the first assembly of Korea- Europe experts within the area of environmental biotechnology.
Speakers
[AT3] Earth Architecture Design Challenge: Affordable Housing Prototypes for Sub-Saharan Africa
Date / Time 2018-08-22 16:00   --   17:40
Room R4
Conveners / Chairs
  • MR. SEUNG-HO, Lee (Groupe ZI:UM) CONVENER
Synopsis
In Sub-Saharan Africa, 90% of the population lives in informal housing, where living conditions are often substandard, unsafe and without basic services like water, electricity and sanitation although the region is undergoing profound demographic changes. Housing is a key component of local development - improved housing is not only a desirable goal, but it also contributes to economic growth, social development, improved governance and enhanced security and stability. To suggest potential housing solutions, I-DREAM has developed a housing prototype applicable in rural areas of Chad by applying affordable, appropriate and resilient housing design principles. It aims to create a housing that is resource efficient, affordable to build and maintain, good to inhabit, and appropriate to the local context. It is also expected to contribute to the local employment generation and community participation. The prototype is developed based on a life-cycle thinking approach that considers all aspects of the construction and building life cycle, beginning from the supply of the locally harvested raw materials, passing through construction, hand-over, use and demolition of physical structures. This session will introduce the background and overall process of the housing prototype development and potential implementations of the lessons in the future projects, addressing not only the individual housing improvement but also the sustainable local community development.
Speakers